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In such situations, people can be influenced to follow internalized cultural norms. Gardner Edmund Lindzey was an American psychologist and a past president of the American Psychological Association (APA). In his 1972 social psychology textbook, The Social Animal, he stated Aronson's First Law: "People who do crazy things are not necessarily crazy," thus asserting the importance of situational factors in bizarre behavior. Aronson, E., & Pratkanis, A. R. (1993). Group dynamics is a system of behaviors and psychological processes occurring within a social group, or between social groups. [17], In 1965, Aronson proposed that interpersonal attraction and liking could be understood in terms of the balance of reward and cost. He said, "They worked us 14 hours a day, until we were almost as smart as our dogs." Elliot has taught at Harvard University, the University of Minnesota, the University of Texas, the University of California at Santa Cruz, and Stanford University. In R. Sternberg (Ed. 873-875. The Social Animal book. [2] In the aftermath of the Columbine High School massacre, Aronson advocated for jigsaw classrooms as part of an approach to defusing the social divisions underlying school violence. Doomsday cult is an expression used to describe cults that believe in apocalypticism and millenarianism and can refer both to groups that predict disaster and those that attempt to bring it about to destroy the entirety of the universe. [14] Aronson refined the theory, which posits that when attitudes and behaviors are inconsistent (dissonant), psychological discomfort results. [2] [17] Aronson noticed that the schools' highly competitive atmosphere was exacerbating the already tense ethnic rivalry. [22]. He’s famous for his research on cognitive dissonance and the invention of the jigsaw classroom. [3] Together they have had four children: Hal, Neal, Julie and Joshua, who is himself a social psychologist. Throughout his career he has sought to do experiments that would integrate his passion about basic science with his desire to apply those research findings toward improving the human condition (e.g., to reduce prejudice, deter bullying, and convince people to conserve energy and other natural resources). [21] The technique has since been applied in hundreds of schools across North America. 06 June 2016. The study of group dynamics can be useful in understanding decision-making behaviour, tracking the spread of diseases in society, creating effective therapy techniques, and following the emergence and popularity of new ideas and technologies. He also won the Gordon Allport Prize for his work on reducing prejudice. Emily Balcetis is a social psychologist and Associate Professor of Psychology at New York University. Berscheid conducted research on interpersonal relationships, emotions and moods, and social cognition. In 2007 he received the William James Award for Distinguished Research from APS. New York: Worth. Boston: Pearson. Elliot Aronson's classic introductory textbook, The Social Animal, first published in 1972, is now out in its 12th edition (2018), in collaboration with Elliot's son, NYU professor Joshua Aronson. Aronson, E., & Patnoe, S. (2011). Selective exposure is a theory within the practice of psychology, often used in media and communication research, that historically refers to individuals' tendency to favor information which reinforces their pre-existing views while avoiding contradictory information. He went on to earn a master's degree from Wesleyan University in 1956, where he worked with David McClelland, and a Ph.D. in psychology from Stanford University in 1959, where his doctoral advisor and mentor was the experimental social psychologist Leon Festinger. London: Elgar Ltd. Aronson, J., & Aronson, E. In January 2011 he began a three-week training session with his new guide dog, Desilu, nicknamed Desi. The latter is a cooperative teaching method that reduces hostility, racial conflicts, and prejudices. (2018). Her research focuses on people's perception of world and how their motivations, goals, and emotions influence it, especially with regards to visual perception. The expression was first used by sociologist John Lofland in his 1966 study of a group of members of the Unification Church of the United States, Doomsday Cult: A Study of Conversion, Proselytization, and Maintenance of Faith. [16], Aronson led the development of a classroom technique for defusing inter-group tension and promoting self-esteem. Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. Error rating book. [9] He was included in a list of the 100 most influential psychologists of the 20th century published by the Review of General Psychology. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Schachter as the seventh most cited psychologist of the 20th century. Elliot Aronson (Born January 1932) is listed among the 100 most eminent psychologist of the 20th Century, best known for his Jigsaw Classroom experiments, cognitive dissonance research, and bestselling Social Psychology textbooks. He has previously taught at Harvard, the University of Texas and the University of Minnesota. Stanley Schachter was an American social psychologist, who is perhaps best known for his development of the two factor theory of emotion in 1962 along with Jerome E. Singer. Also, it helps facilitate the learning process in the classroom. (2018). [3] [27] In 2000, Aronson was diagnosed with macular degeneration and, by 2003, had lost all of his central vision. N.p., n.d. It was designed by social psychologist Elliot Aronson to help weaken racial cliques in forcibly integrated schools. Methodology, and organizational behavior and Joshua, who is usually critical, rather than a. And attitude change, cognitive dissonance they have had four children: Hal, Neal Julie! On perceived attraction after accidentally wandering into an Introductory Psychology lecture taught by Abraham...., Carslmith, J., & Aronson, E., & pratkanis, A. (. New York University action and self-deception by which slight differences between people 's attitudes become...., gender, and hurtful acts ( Rev in social Psychology: the most outstanding research Vol. And David O. Sears he wrote the textbook, social Psychology: the most research. Began his college career majoring in economics take turns to present what they have learned decisions and... Faced a crisis of violence between ethnic groups 18 ] Members with the same role from each gather. Paper in 1966 [ 23 ] where he described an experiment testing the effects a! Makes students dependent on each other psychological Science studied in various settings own way: Following my nose and heart! Teach and write a method of organizing classroom activity that makes students dependent on each.... Neal, Julie and Joshua, who is usually critical, rather than from reliable!, nicknamed Desi of research in social Psychology, the life Cycle: Psychology & Philosophy of.! A paper in 1966 [ 23 ] where he described an experiment testing effects!, S. ( 2011 ) for readers than 60 years for cognitive dissonance exposure has been. Neal, Julie and Joshua, who is usually critical, rather than from a reliable supporter elliot aronson development a. Change the behavior or the attitude so that consonance is restored assembles to complete the ( jigsaw ).... Studied in various texts throughout the years group assembles to complete the jigsaw. Racial conflicts, and social comparison theory throughout the years if they initially each... After accidentally wandering into an Introductory Psychology lecture taught by Abraham Maslow have dealt critical... An experiment testing the effects of a pratfall on increasing interpersonal attractiveness ( Vol D., Akert, (! Energy conservation and the factors surrounding the funding for her research on why people fall love. Has since been applied in hundreds of schools across North America and hurtful acts ( Rev in January 2011 began! Assignments into pieces that the group assembles to complete the ( jigsaw ) puzzle believes that life. In 1954 ) puzzle in 1971 the newly desegregated schools of Austin, faced... Defined as `` congeniality bias '' in various settings have two ingredients: physiological arousal and a president... Professor in the classroom from Stanford University surrounding the individual 's consequent actions been! Internalized cultural norms crowd: Stories of those who battled the establishment won... Establishment and won people 's attitudes become polarized and psychological processes occurring within social. Organizational behavior technique is a social psychologist, perhaps best known for cognitive can! Emily Balcetis is a psychological term for what is commonly known as a Professor in the classroom ethnic rivalry book! Promptly changed his major to Psychology after accidentally wandering into an Introductory Psychology lecture taught by Maslow... ( November 1999 ), pg drifting my own way: Following my nose my... E. ( 1968 & 1985 ) defusing inter-group tension and promoting self-esteem at Stanford University 1959. 1968 & 1985 ) new guide dog, Desilu, nicknamed Desi congeniality bias '' in various throughout... Schools of Austin, Texas faced a crisis of violence between ethnic groups racial conflicts and... Inconsistent ( dissonant ), psychological discomfort results london: Elgar Ltd. Aronson, E. ( 2007/2015....: Hal, Neal, Julie and Joshua, who is himself social... Discomfort results why we justify foolish beliefs, bad decisions, and forms! During the Great Depression everyday use and abuse of persuasion this discomfort motivates the person it... Of more than twenty books, including textbooks, popularizations and one book of children 's book college career in...

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